Ensuring the Future of the Protected Natural Areas of Peru

Peru is one of the ten most mega-diverse countries in the world and this great biological diversity is mainly located in its protected areas recognized as UNESCO natural world heritage sites. The government of Peru, through the Ministry of the Environment and the National System of Natural Areas Protected by the State (SERNANP) is directing efforts to conserve these protected areas and pursue sustainable development of the natural resource landscape in Peru.

Currently, protected areas in Peru cover approximately 17% of the national territory. These spaces contribute to improving the quality of life of people through the provision of ecosystem services such as water, food and energy, as well as being generators of knowledge, mechanisms of adaptation and mitigation to climate change, spaces for recreation and custodians of cultural and spiritual knowledge of indigenous peoples and local communities. Therefore, it is imperative to achieve its effective management in order to have healthy, resilient and productive ecosystems that provide vital resources to local populations and humanity.

The National System of Natural Areas Protected by the State (SERNANP) aims to contribute to the sustainable development of the country, through the conservation of a representative sample of biological diversity, articulating and promoting these protected areas thereby guaranteeing their environmental, social and economic benefits to society.

Diverse and innovative financing mechanisms are needed to sustain SERNANP’s management of these valuable protected areas. A successful search for new economic mechanisms and the strengthening of existing mechanisms will depend on a collaboration across various sectors from government to private in the form of a contract. 

To address this challenge, SERNANP has initiated the implementation of the Peruvian Natural Heritage Initiative in the Amazon biome (PdP-Amazon Initiative), with the aim of ensuring the financial sustainability of 38 protected areas in the Amazon biome (86% of SINANPE or 17 million hectares), through implementation and consolidation of economic mechanisms that manage to cover the financial gap identified for these protected areas, of roughly US$ 140 million over a ten-year timeframe.

Conservation Strategy Fund (CSF) is supporting this work by assessing the economic potential of protected areas to promote greater collaboration across sectors to preserve Peru’s protected areas. This initiative will be solidified through a contract that CSF will help design, factoring in both the provision of Ecosystem Services (supply analysis) and the interests of potential allies interested in collaboration (demand analysis). CSF will also develop a strategy for implementation of the mechanism in protected areas of the Amazon biome with the greatest potential for success. 
The CSF team will provide recommendations for strengthening current financial mechanisms, a portfolio of potential stakeholders interested in collaborating on this contract, and a roadmap to accompany the process. 

Within the framework of the PdP-Amazon Initiative, the Project "Securing the Future of Peru's Natural Protected Areas" is designed and executed with resources from the Global Environment Facility (GEF), implemented by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) accredited agency and implemented by SERNANP through PROFONANPE.

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