Development of Pipelines and storage Facilities for Crude oil and Gas in Uganda
Petroleum exploration in Uganda has a long history dating back in 1938 when the 1st well (Waki B 1) was drilled by the Anglo European Company of South Africa. At that time oil prices and technology were low and therefore the prospects were found commercially unfeasible.
In 1997, Heritage was awarded Exploration Area 3(EA3) in the Semliki area followed by commercially exploitable reserves of oil (Mputa, Waraga, Nzizi, and Kingfisher) estimated at 300 Millionto 2.5 billion barrels in 2008 and 2009. Since then, there has been exponential growth in foreign investments to approximately $350 Million as of 2010.
Uganda intends to use the country's oil and gas resources to contribute to poverty eradication and create lasting value to society.The licenced entities will be responsible for drilling wells and developing fields to evacuate the oil from the reservoirs, design gathering lines and trunk lines to transport the oil from the well heads to central processing facilities where initial gas-oil - separation and stabilization to make the crude oil for transimission pipelines will be performed.
From the central processing facilities stabilised crude oil will be pumped to the refinery battery limit through a transimission pipeline. At the refinery, the crude will be converted to usable products for consumers via various unit operations. The products will be stored on site at the refinery and loaded out into trucks or sent via pipeline to cities for consumption.
The focus of this study is the transimission pipeline portion that runs from the wells to the refinery beginning at the outlet of the central processing facility's stabilized cude oil storage tank and ends at the refinery battery.
There are 2 pipeline components proposed; the Northern Feeder and Southern Feeder Pipelines which will include pumps to boost pressure of the processed drude oil block valve stations, pigging facilities and heating facilities.