James Boyd has been a Fellow at Resources for the Future since 1992. Boyd's research is in the fields of environmental regulation and law and economics, focusing on the analysis of environmental institutions and policy. Specific areas of expertise include ecological benefit and damage assessment, water regulation, environmental and product liability law, and incentive-based regulation. Current research focuses on the measurement and analysis of ecosystem services and the role of ecosystem services in both environmental management and national welfare accounting. Boyd has been a consultant to, among others, the World Bank, National Academy of Sciences, the European Commission, the Harvard Institute for International Development, and various government agencies.